Preliminaries If ethics is widely regarded as the most accessible branch of philosophy, it is so because many of its presuppositions are self-evident or trivial truths: At least for secularists, the attainment of these overall aims is thought to be a condition or prerequisite for a good life. What we regard as a life worth living depends on the notion we have of our own nature and of the conditions of its fulfillment.
Upon being urged by Glaucon to define goodness, a cautious Socrates professes himself incapable of doing so. Socrates reveals this "child of goodness" to be the sun, proposing that just as the sun illuminates, bestowing the ability to see and be seen by the eye, : While the analogy sets forth both epistemological and ontological theories, it is debated whether these are most authentic to the teaching of Socrates or its later interpretations by Plato.
The sun is a metaphor for the nature of reality and knowledge concerning it. Plato's use of such an analogy can be interpreted for many different reasons in philosophy. For example, Plato uses them to illustrate and help illuminate his arguments.
In the Analogy of the Sun, Socrates compares the "Good" with the sun.
Plato might be using the image of the sun to help bring life to his arguments or to make the argument more clearly understood. David Hume once wrote, "All our reasonings concerning matters of fact are founded on a species of Analogy.
Through this analogy he equates that which gives us natural light, the sun, as the source of goodness in this world. Thus, we should make use of the mind rather than the sensory organs to better understand the higher truths of the universe.
The mind, much like sight, requires a "third thing" to function properly, and that third thing is Plato's idea of goodness. He likens a mind without goodness to sight without light; one cannot operate at peak efficiency without the other. When its object is something which is lit up by truth and reality, then it has—and obviously has—intelligent awareness and knowledge.
However, when its object is permeated with darkness that is, when its object is something which is subject to generation and decaythen it has beliefs and is less effective, because its beliefs chop and change, and under these circumstances it comes across as devoid of intelligence.
Analogously, Socrates says, as the sun illuminates the visible with light so the idea of goodness illuminates the intelligible with truth, which in turn makes it possible for people to have knowledge. Also, as the eye's ability to see is made possible by the light of the sun so the soul's ability to know is made possible by the truth of goodness.
Understand then, that it is the same with the soul, thus: Rouse The allusion to " The bodily senses make it clear that all visible things are subject to change, which Socrates categorizes into either the change of becoming or the change of perishing.
Socrates argues that the bodily senses can only bring us to opinions, conveying an underlying assumption that true knowledge is of that which is not subject to change.
Instead, Socrates continues, knowledge is to be found in " Since truth and being find their source in this highest idea, only the souls that are illumined by this source can be said to possess knowledge, whereas those souls which turn away are "Plato’s Form of Good Plato believed that the Forms were interrelated, and arranged in a hierarchy.
The highest Form is the Form of the Good, which is the ultimate principle. Like the Sun in the Allegory of the Cave, the Good illuminates the other Forms. We can see that . ‘Explain what Plato meant by the Form of the Good’ (25) Plato believed in two worlds, the material world and the world of the Forms.
The Forms differ from material objects because they are perfect and pure; while material objects are a complex mixture of imperfect properties of the Forms.
Explain Plato’s Form of the Good. Plato believed that the world we around us is an illusion, and that everyday things that we take for granted are merely weak imitations of the true object behind it.
He believed that behind every earthly object, and every earthly concept (e.g. beauty), there is an unearthly truth; a perfect version. Form of the Good - Among the Forms, one stands out as most important.
This is the Form of the Good. This is the Form of the Good. Plato is unable to tell us exactly what the Form of The Good is, but he does tell us that it is the source of intelligibility and of our capacity to know, and also that it is responsible for bringing all of the other Forms into existence.
Plato claims that Good is the highest Form, and that all objects aspire to be good. Since Plato does not define good things, interpreting Plato's Form of the Good through the idea of One allows scholars to explain how Plato's Form of the Good relates to the physical world.
a) Explain the relationship between Plato’s Form of the Good and the other Forms. Plato was a dualist and so believed that human beings consisted of two parts- body and soul.
This view is portrayed throughout Plato’s famous theory of the Forms of which he suggests that true substances are not physical bodies, but are the eternal Forms that our bodies are merely the imperfect copy.
Plato's use of such an analogy can be interpreted for many different reasons in philosophy. For example, Plato uses them to illustrate and help illuminate his arguments. In the Analogy of the Sun, Socrates compares the "Good" with the sun. The theory of Forms or theory of Ideas is a viewpoint attributed to Plato, which holds that non-physical (but substantial) forms (or ideas) represent the most accurate reality. When used in this sense, the word form or idea is often capitalized. . The Form of the Good, Plato says, is to the intelligible realm as the sun is to the visible realm. In the visible realm, there is a need of “something else” to make things visible, namely, the sun (d).