Compendium of Tourism Statistics The numerical growth characteristic of the tourism sector is increasingly being accompanied be demands for higher quality tourism expericnce and variation in tourism activities.
Tourist arrivals increase to 7. More importantly revenue from tourism increased to RM4.
Since tourism has maintained its position as one the top five foreign exchange for the country. In for example, tourist arrivals in Peninsular Malaysia are projected to increase to 3. The projection is based on a The decline was attributed largely to the recession in major Malaysian tourism markets namely Japan and Europe.
However, some analysts would argue that the decline may have been caused by some problems related to the provision and quality of infrastructure and services, causing Malaysia to lose some of novelties to international tourists Australian Broadcasting Corporation, The growth of the tourism sector is also supported by an increasingly large number of domestic tourists.
In a total of Direct public sector investment has been proportionately increased with the effort to promote Malaysia as a Tourism destination see Figure 1.
The amount of money invested into providing infrastructure e. Private sector investments in the tourism sector namely the construction of resorts and hotels for the period between to are estimated to be around RM 2. The figure increased significantly after in investments totalled RM 2, These investments include those made by large corporations as well as medium scale operators.
Again, as with the figure given for public sector investments into the country, this does not capture the amount indirectly spent by the private sector inter alia in maintenance of facilities; expenses incurred in promoting such facilities; costs of environmental mitigation measures this will be discussed later in the paper.
It is however important to note that the tourism sector has also indirectly contributed to the creation of jobs in sectors other than those mentioned in Table 1. MOCAT is largely responsible for setting policy guidelines for the tourism industry in Malaysia, as well as regulating the industry by issuing licenses to tour operators and the enforcing the Tourism Industry Act Planning is carried out by the State Economic Planning Unit and subsequent development and implementation by the State equivalent of the now defunct TDC, namely tourism divisions within State Economic Development Corporations.
Aside from the above agencies which have direct interest in tourism development and promotion, there are also agencies which regulates other facets of the tourism industry e. Overall Government policy in promoting tourism is focused around the realisation that the tourism sector is an important facet of the socio-economic structure of the country, particularly in terms of its contribution to the national economy.
As a corollary of this Peat Marwick Consultants, suggested the following as the main thrusts of the Government policies towards the developing and managing the tourism sector: In achieving the intentions, particularly the economic objectives the Government has undertaken several major tourism promotion activities locally and internationally.
The VMY has shown that extensive promotional activities can contribute significantly to the number of tourist arrivals to the country. However, it is too early to tell whether such campaigns are really beneficial in the long term as only the results of VMY have been analysed.
VMY is still ongoing and its results remain to be seen and analysed. The design of the paper however, is constrained by several inherent weaknesses in the collection and analysis of statistical information on the tourism sector in the country.
These statistics are important in determining several key parameters 5 in tourism planning and development e. With regard to marine tourism in particular, Jaharah Yahaya, and Mohd Nizam Basiron, noted that the data available on the sector is insufficient for an analysis to be carried out on the contribution of the sector to the national economy.
The absence of segregated data on the marine tourism sector means that its contribution can only be assessed and inferred within the context of the contribution of the overall tourism sector to the economy.
However, in examining the marine tourism sector, there are several other parameters which can be used to assess the long term sustainability of the industry form an economic, environmental and social points of view.
These parameters should therefore constitute parts of the study and will be discussed within the paper. The contribution is expected to increase this year given the Of these figures it is difficult to determine the contribution of the marine tourism sector without a significant improvement in the quality and availability of data, and the use of economic modelling techniques.Malaysia's national tourism office has even launched a campaign in collaboration with Ctrip, an online Chinese travel agency, called 'Good Chinese Tourists' in .
Malaysia adopts the English Bills of Lading Act and the English Marine Insurance Act The High Courts of Malaya and of Sabah and Sarawak, exercise the English Admiralty jurisdiction, as provided by the Supreme Court Act of England.1 Having said that, it is vital to acknowledge the fact that there is no statute in Malaysia that deals exclusively with the area of marine insurance.
Of the six Primary Tourism Development Zone identified in the National Tourism Policy Study , four zones have existing facilities for marine tourism and one (Sabah – Labuan) zone having great potential for marine tourism.
Tourism is one of the world’s top three economic activities, accounting directly or indirectly for at least million jobs (). A large proportion of tourism is concentrated in coastal regions. Marine Tourism Practitioners can join Tourism Malaysia in exhibitions throughout the year such as OZTEK Dive Conference & Exhibition in Sydney, Australia, Diving, Resort & Travel (DRT) Show in Shanghai, China, Asia Dive Expo (ADEX) in Singapore, the 10th Malaysia International Dive Expo (MIDE) held at Putra World Trade Center in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
This will be done by examining trends in marine tourism growth globally, and its implications to the marine tourism industry in Malaysia and the region, in particular the Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT).
The examination however, is restricted by the lack of statistical information on the marine tourism industry, and the.