A silhouette of Goethe The knowledge of Paper making did not reach Europe until the 13th century so papercutting could only have arrived after that.
Origin[ edit ] Chinese paper-cutting originated from ancient activities of worshipping ancestors and gods, and is a traditional part of Chinese culture. According to archaeological records, it originates from the 6th century, although some believe that its history could be traced as far back as the Warring States period around 3 BC long before the paper was invented.
At that time, people used other thin materials, like leaves, silver foilsilk and even leatherto carve hollowed patterns. Later, when paper was invented, people realized that this material was easy to cut, store and discard, and paper became the major material for this type of artwork.
During the Ming and Qing dynasties —this artistry witnessed its most prosperous period. For over a thousand years, people mainly women have been making paper-cuts as part a leisure activity. They created different type of paper-cutting and shared and passed this traditional craftsmanship to their children, so that this traditional art style became more and more popular and is still practiced to this day.
Paper is a kind of material which mildews and rots easily.
In the southeast of China, it usually rains in May and June, Paper cutting makes paper mildew and rot quickly. As a result, people in southeast did not keep them, and it is hard to find paper-cutting from that time.
On the contrast, the weather in the northwest of China is usually dry, which makes it possible to find paper-cutting made in the Northern dynasties in TurpanSinkiang province.
When paper-cutting passed down to the Tang dynastythe skills of handcraft became mature. Paper-cutting was not only a kind of handcraft, but also a piece of artwork, as it could express the idea through the pattern.
In Ming and Qing dynasty, paper-cutting experienced its peak development. Folk paper-cutting spread to a wider range and had abundant means of artistic expression. Paper-cutting was used to decorate doors, windows and walls to show happiness and festival.
Classification[ edit ] Paper-cutting is one of the oldest and the most popular folk arts in China. It can be geographically divided into a southern and a northern style.
The southern style, represented by works from Yangzhou in Jiangsu Province and Leqing in Zhejiang Provincefeatures ingenious and beautiful designs, exquisite carving and interesting shapes.
The northern style, mainly from Yuxian and Fengning in Hebei Province and best represented by works from northern Shaanxifeatures exaggerated shapes, vigorousness, vivid depictions and diverse patterns.
The style of window paper-cuts is usually free, except the flower pattern on the corner. The theme of window paper-cuts has a wide range, the most popular of which is based on the stories of traditional Chinese opera.
As most buyers are farmers, the content of window paper-cut usually describe farming, spinning, fishing and poultry farming. Symmetry[ edit ] A Symmetrical cut There are basic cut-outs, consisting of a single image, and symmetrical designs, that are usually created by some folding over a proportioned crease, and then cutting a shape, so that when unfolded, it forms a symmetrical design.
Chinese paper cuttings are usually symmetrical. The paper cut outs are usually in an even number series of 2, 4, 24 etc.
Uses[ edit ] Today, paper cuttings are chiefly decorative. They liven up walls, windows, doors, columns, mirrors, lamps and lanterns in homes and are also used on presents or are given as gifts themselves. Paper cut-outs pasted on or near entrances are supposed to bring good luck. Paper cuttings used to be used as patterns, especially for embroidery and lacquer work.
Papercuts are used by younger generation as a decoration for their kits and books. With a pair of scissors cutting through a piece of red paper, the paper-cuttings are endowed with a simple but exaggerated beauty.
The vividly depicted paper-cuttings have different meanings. Even to this day, Chinese people love to hang paper-cutting of these two characters at their doors. Window paper-cuts have a close relationship with Spring begins, as it has been a way to welcome spring since ancient times in China.
In many areas in China, especially in North, when spring comes, people like to paste window paper-cuts on the window to express their happiness. Through pasting window paper-cuts, people decorate their home to show their joy, happiness and good intentions. Process[ edit ] There are two methods of manufacture: The motif is then cut with sharp, pointed scissors.
Knife cuttings are fashioned by putting several layers of paper on a relatively soft foundation consisting of a mixture of tallow and ashes. Following a pattern, the artist cuts the motif into the paper with a sharp knife which is usually held vertically. Skilled crafters can even cut out different drawings freely without stopping.Folding/one-cutting a Betsy Ross star from /2 inch x 10 inch paper.
Original graphics, SVG cutting files and DXF, clip art, digital stamps, and digital papers for crafters, scrapbookers, and educators. Papercutting or paper cutting is the art of paper designs. The art has evolved uniquely all over the world to adapt to different cultural styles. One traditional distinction most styles share in common is that the designs are cut from a single sheet of paper as opposed to multiple adjoining sheets as in collage. Today Design*Sponge is almost entirely devoted to paper crafts. Coming up, we’ve got two interviews with artists who specialize in the classic paper techniques of marbling and paper cutting, as well as two paper-based DIY projects, a roundup of marbled design .
Thanks to Arnold Tubis Department of Physics (Ret.), Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN Visiting Fellow, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, and Crystal E.
Mills, California Mathematics Council ComMuniCator, Clayton, CA for providing this information to timberdesignmag.com FOTOBA X/Y Cutters. The Fotoba XLD is the perfect solution to trim all flexible media up to 67” wide and 40 mil thick and is designed to work with both rolls and sheets.
Papercutting or paper cutting is the art of paper designs. The art has evolved uniquely all over the world to adapt to different cultural styles. One traditional distinction most styles share in common is that the designs are cut from a single sheet of paper as opposed to multiple adjoining sheets as in collage.
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Papercutting is an ancient, elegant art that dates almost as far back as the creation of paper itself. In today's multicultural world. Buy products related to paper cutting art products and see what customers say about paper cutting art products on timberdesignmag.com FREE DELIVERY possible on .