None of the Google Books links work for me, though. They just link to the same front-page of a book cover and some blurbs.
The epidemic appears to be at its peak and we can look for a lessening of the number of cases within a few days. Louis Kahn on October 3,only a week after the first cases in the city had appeared. Reports from cities such as Boston and Philadelphia should have convinced him otherwise.
Health Officer Kahn did issue some recommendations to the general public, however. In response, cities such as Dayton, Marion, and a host of smaller towns began closing their schools, churches, and other public places. Even East Columbus, an adjacent community that was eventually annexed to the city, closed its schools on October 9 after 42 new cases of influenza were reported among its students.
Believing that each community be given the latitude to meet the epidemic with actions best suited to its circumstances, no statewide closure order was given. In this way, local authorities could adopt the best solution for their needs, including making any necessary provisions for enforcement of public health edicts.
Kahn believed that the closure order should be extended to include all forms of public gathering, but agreed to await the recommendation of the public health committee of the Chamber of Commerce, scheduled to meet on October 11, before making his final decision.
The groups planning the upcoming Columbus Day festivities called off their parade. The only exception he made was to strongly request that people refrain from attending church services.
But saloons in Columbus, as in nearly every industrial city in America, were not merely places to consume alcohol; they were often the principle source of cheap meals for male laborers especially young, single menand closing them completely would have created undue hardship for many.
Mayor George Karb, eager to forestall a larger epidemic, asked downtown merchants to voluntarily shorten their hours, and asked cabarets to close by 9: The Retail Merchants Association, however, lobbied strongly against the shorter hours, claiming that extra care in ventilation was all that was needed.
By Saturday, October 19, some 93 people had died of influenza or pneumonia in Columbus since the start of the epidemic, 23 of them on that day alone.
With the alarming news, Kahn immediately ordered all pool halls closed and all public meetings cancelled for at least a week. Residents were strongly urged to avoid crowds and to walk to work. Saloons, while allowed to remain open, had to keep all doors and windows wide open and could not allow loitering.
Chairs and tables could only be used to take meals. Catholic churches, which had halted their usual Sunday full mass, now voluntarily stopped the private masses they had been giving.
The City Council also considered establishing an emergency hospital to handle new influenza cases.
After that time, drugstores were permitted only to sell medications. Columbus thus far had experienced a death rate approximately a third lower than that of Cleveland, Cincinnati, or Dayton. By the end of October, the influenza epidemic across Ohio appeared to be coming to a rapid end.
On October 31, the Ohio Health Department announced that it would allow local boards to lift their closure orders and gathering bans if they deemed it safe to do so.
He prohibited Halloween parties that evening, but permitted churches to begin holding short services once again. Schools, theaters, and movie houses remained closed for the time being, as did the restrictions on business hours. Fullerton argued for the re-opening of schools as well, but Kahn refused for the time being.
It was not until the two met on November 14 that they agreed on a plan to have children return to their classrooms: If the number of absences did not return to higher levels by Tuesday, December 3, the school and health boards announced they would likely close schools once again.In a to 1, word essay, address the following: Discuss the social acceptability of proposed the ‘Soda Ban’.
To what extent should organizations such as the New York City Department of Health and Discuss the social acceptability of proposed the ‘Soda Ban’.Read More». Frontpage editors are pleased to announce the winner of our essay contest launched on April 5, "Inside Every Liberal is a Totalitarian Screaming to Get Out.".
The winner of the $1, first-place prize is N. A. timberdesignmag.com Halkides is a mathematician, systems analyst and freelance writer living in the greater Chicago metropolitan area.
Tiny clinging jellyfish that pack an agonizing sting are turning up in R.I. waters amid environmental changes and shifting ecosystems. The Coca-Cola Company is the worlds largest manufacturer, distributor, and marketer of non-alcoholic beverage concentrates and syrups.
Based in Atlanta, Georgia, KO sells concentrated forms of its beverages to bottlers, which produce, package, and sell the finished products to retailers. The Coca. [This post was co-written by Chris Bertram, Corey Robin and Alex Gourevitch] “In the general course of human nature, a power over a man’s subsistence amounts to a power over his will.” —Alexander Hamilton, Federalist 79 Libertarianism is a philosophy of individual freedom.
This proposal would ban the sale of sweet and sugary beverages that are over sixteen ounces in size. This ban would affect movie theaters, restaurants, street vendors, and any other commercial entity that is regulated by the New York City health department (Yee, ).
This proposal is commonly referred to as the New York City Soda Ban.